Friday, July 26, 2013

United Nations General Assembly Designates 19 November As World Toilet Day

In a bid to make sanitation for all a global development priority, the United Nations General Assembly today designated 19 November as World Toilet Day, urging changes in both behaviour and policy on issues ranging from enhancing water management to ending open-air defecation.

Adopting a new resolution, the Assembly urged UN Member States and relevant stakeholders to encourage behavioural change and the implementation of policies to increase access to sanitation among the poor, along with a call to end the practice of open-air defecation, which it deemed "extremely harmful" to public health.
"This new annual observance will go a long way toward raising awareness about the need for all human beings to have access to sanitation," said UN Deputy Secretary-General Jan Eliasson in a statement issued immediately following the Assembly's action.
The resolution also recognizes the role that civil society and non-governmental organizations play in raising awareness of this issue. It also calls on countries to approach sanitation in a much broader context that includes hygiene promotion, the provision of basic sanitation services, and sewerage and wastewater treatment and reuse in the context of integrated water management.
Of the world's seven billion people, six billion have mobile phones. However, only 4.5 billion have access to toilets or latrines - meaning that 2.5 billion people, mostly in rural areas, do not have proper sanitation. In addition, 1.1 billion people still defecate in the open.
The countries where open defecation is most widely practiced are the same countries with the highest numbers of under-five child deaths, high levels of under-nutrition and poverty, and large wealth disparities.

"Despite progress toward the Millennium Development Goals, one in three people do not have a basic toilet," Mr. Eliasson said. "Almost 2,000 children die every day from preventable diarrhoeal diseases. Poor sanitation and water supply result in economic losses estimated at $260 billion annually in developing countries."
He added that sanitation is also a question of basic dignity, and underlined that women should not risk being victims of rape and abuse because of lack of access to a toilet that offers privacy.
"It is also unacceptable that many girls are pushed out of school for lack of basic sanitation facilities," he said. "I urge every country to accelerate progress towards a world in which everyone enjoys this most basic of rights."
World Toilet Day has previously been marked by international and civil society organizations all over the world. However, it was not formally recognized as an official UN day until today.

Monday, February 11, 2013

Memoirs of the 2013 Kumbh Mela in pictures

Taking the time out to sip some tea in a traditional clay cup

A funeral procession

Dr Pathak during a prayer session with the New Princesses of Alwar and Tonk

Engrossed in prayer

A splash of divine waters


Saturday, February 9, 2013

100 New Princesses of Alwar and Tonk take memorable plunge in the 2013 Kumbh Mela

From MASEMBE TAMBWE in New Delhi 

Like a shepherd with his flock of blue dressed New Princesses of Alwar and Tonk, Dr Bindeshwar Pathak (in specs) gallantly walks towards the River Ganges to perform one of the rituals and ceremonies previously ordained only to the Upper Castes in India

For someone who was born a Muslim, went to some schools that were predominantly Christian and actually enjoyed being part of the choir in spite my extraordinarily big bass, I have to say I was very intrigued and very excited to have the opportunity to go and experience that Kumbh Mela in Allahabad this year.  

Kumbh Mela is a mass Hindu pilgrimage of faith in which Hindus gather at a sacred river for a bath in the river. It is held every third year at one of the four places by rotation: Haridwar, Allahabad, Nasik and Ujjain.
Thus the Kumbh Mela is held at each of these four places every twelfth year. Ardh ("Half") Kumbh Mela is held at only two places, Haridwar and Allahabad (Prayag), every sixth year. 

Kumbh Mela

Kumbh Mela

The rivers at these four places are: the Ganges (Ganga) at Haridwar, the confluence (Sangam) of the Ganges and the Yamuna and the mythical Saraswati at Prayag, the Godawari at Nasik, and the Shipra at Ujjain.

Kumbh means a pitcher and Mela means fair in Hindi. The pilgrimage is held for about one and a half months at each of these four places where it is believed in Hinduism that drops of nectar fell from the Kumbh carried by gods after the sea was churned. The festival is billed as the "biggest gathering on Earth". 

The crowds at the Kumbh Mela are simply overwhelming

There is no scientific method of ascertaining the number of pilgrims even approximately and the estimates of the number of pilgrims bathing on the most auspicious day may vary very widely from two to eight million depending upon the team(s) of persons making the estimate and the rough method of making the estimate.

In 2001, more than 40 million gathered on the busiest of its 55 days. According to the Mela Administration's estimates, around 70 million people participated in the 45-day Ardh Kumbh Mela at Prayag in 2007. 

The last "Kumbh Mela" held in 2010 in Haridwar was estimated by the authorities to have attracted between 30 and 70 million people.

Total devotion to his religion

Total devotion to his religion

The current Maha Kumbh Mela began on 14 January 2013 at Prayag. According to expectations more than 100 million people will attend the 2013 Kumbha mela. The next Kumbh Mela will be held at Nashik on the bank of the river Godavari in 2015. The Kumbh at Ujjain is also called "Simhastha".

Kumbh Mela is organized every three years on a rotation basis of Prayag, Nashik, Haridwar and Ujjain.
Among the 100 million people expected to attend the 2013, there were 100 rather special ladies attended it for the first time in their lives. These 100 ladies are former human scavengers who were liberated by Dr Bindeshwar Pathak, the founder of the Sulabh Social Sanitation Movement foundation.

Dreams can come true if you believe

Before their liberation, the ladies who fall under the untouchable caste were forced to clear bucket toilets with their hands, they were not allowed to draw water from wells, had to wear bells on their necks to alert people passing by that they were coming ad had to clear the way, not allowed to worship in temples, had to live in the outskirts of towns, not allowed to have good names or even allowed to spit on the ground. 

With the mere invention of a two pit latrine, much of that changed but to many the icing of the cake of their freedom was being able to perform their religion’s biggest ritual of having a dip in the River Ganges and to be accepted by the Hindu upper caste pundits who they dined together with them. 

Ms Usha Chandra, the honorary President of Sulabh International said that she was beyond words when she learnt that Dr Pathak had arranged for them to attend the Kumbh Mela and that when she entered the water, it was beyond her wildest dream.

“Dr Pathak and the Sulabh International have totally changed our lives and we will forever be grateful. Not only have they liberated us, but they have gone further and brought us to perform this ritual and dine with priests,” she said with her voice full of emotion.

Ms Chandra said that the process of acceptability among society has been slow which was expected but said that she was recently caught off when she was requested to give away a daughter of one of the houses that she formerly cleaned.

Ms Lalita said that to be liberated, be able to earn a living, worship in temples and dine with people who once upon a time couldn’t touch you was a dream come true but to attend and perform prayers with the priests and also take the dip had uplifted her in a way she had no words to explain.

The nation's highest priests have agreed to assist Sulabh International in their quest of ensuring that untouchability is banished in society and to perform all the rites and rituals of the Upper Caste

Ms Dolly who is currently undergoing her undergraduate degree said that she was the first person in her clan to perform the Kumbh Mela.

“I consider myself very lucky to be here. Such rituals are usually done by the elderly and so for someone of my age to come and perform is nothing short of a miracle and I consider Dr Pathak a Godsend,” she said.

The presence of the 100 ladies at the Kumbh Mela in Allahabad caught the attention of people including fellow dippers, throngs of both local and international media, the police officers, men, women and children.

If I was ever allowed to describe what it must have felt for the 100 ladies to walk the 500 meters from their campsite to the Holy River, I would have to quote a sentence or two from the Shawshank Redemption.

Its been a long and rough journey, but we did it!

 ‘...Andy crawled to freedom through five hundred yards of shit smelling foulness I can't even imagine, or maybe I just don't want to. Five hundred yards... that's the length of five football fields, just shy of half a mile. Andy Dufresne - who crawled through a river of shit and came out clean on the other side.’ After centuries of discrimination, they managed to take the dip that washed it all off.